Being ecologically minded is not simply theoretical: it occurs in practice and is embedded in society. But ecological civilization has everything to do with how societies are structured. In academic circles, fields like political science and economics have moved toward a narrower analytical approach and emphasize instrumental goals. There are times and places for that mode, but long-term policy making also requires more values-based approaches to understanding social and cultural organization. This sector is interested in sociological and anthropological methods for exploring concepts like civilization. In the Weberian tradition, for example, attention to underlying assumptions about values does not exclude rigorous empirical analyses.